Monday, April 30, 2007

Big Company's Name Came From

Adobe - Came from name of the river Adobe Creek that ran behind the house of founder John Warnock.

Apache - It got its name because its founders got started by applying patches to code written for NCSA’s httpd daemon. The result was ‘A PAtCHy’ server -– thus, the name Apache.

Apple Computers - Steve Jobs was three months late in filing a name for the business because he didn’t get any better name for his new company. So one day he told to the staff: “If I’ll not get better name by 5 o’clock today, our company’s name will be anything he likes…” So at 5 o’clcok nobody come up with better name, and he was eating Apple that time… so he keep the name of the company ‘Apple Computers’.

CISCO - Its not an acronym but the short for San Francisco.

Google - The name started as a jokey boast about the amount of information the search-engine would be able to search. It was originally named ‘Googol’, a word for the number represented by 1 followed by 100 zeros. After founders – Stanford grad students Sergey Brin and Larry Page resented their project to an angel investor, they received a cheque made out to ‘Google’

Hotmail - Founder Jack Smith got the idea of accessing e-mail via the web from a computer anywhere in the world. When Sabeer Bhatia came up with the business plan for the mail service, he tried all kinds of names ending in ‘mail’ and finally settled for hotmail as it included the letters “html” - the programming language used to write web pages. It was initially referred to as HoTMaiL with selective upper casing.

Hewlett-Packard (HP) - Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard tossed a coin to decide whether the company they founded would be called Hewlett-Packard or Packard-Hewlett, and the winner was NOT Bill…the winner was Dave.

Intel- Bob Noyce and Gordon Moore wanted to name their new company ‘Moore Noyce’ but that was already trademarked by a hotel chain, so they had to settle for an acronym of INTegrated ELectronics = INTEL

Lotus (Notes) - Mitch Kapor got the name for his company from ‘The Lotus Position’ or ‘Padmasana’. Kapor used to be a teacher of Transcendental Meditation of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.

Microsoft - Coined by Bill Gates to represent the company that was devoted to MICROcomputer SOFTware. Originally christened Micro-Soft, the ‘-‘ was removed later on.

Motorola - Founder Paul Galvin came up with this name when his company started manufacturing radios for cars. The popular radio company at the time was called Victrola.

ORACLE - Larry Ellison and Bob Oats were working on a consulting project for the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency). The code name for the project was called Oracle (the CIA saw this as the system to give answers to all questions or something such). Acronym for: One Real A****** Called Larry Ellison??

Red Hat - Company founder Marc Ewing was given the Cornell lacrosse team cap (with red and white stripes) while at college by his grandfather. He lost it and had to search for it desperately. The manual of the beta version of Red Hat Linux had an appeal to readers to return his Red Hat if found by anyone!

SAP - “Systems, Applications, Products in Data Processing”, formed by 4 ex-IBM employees who used to work in the ‘Systems/Applications/Projects’ group of IBM.

Sony - From the Latin word ’sonus’ meaning sound, and ’sonny’ a slang used by Americans to refer to a bright youngster.

SUN - Founded by 4 Stanford University buddies, SUN is the acronym for Stanford University Network.

Xerox - The inventor, Chestor Carlson, named his product trying to say dry’ (as it was dry copying, markedly different from the then prevailing wet copying). The Greek root `xer‘ means dry.

Yahoo!- The word was invented by Jonathan Swift and used in his book ‘Gulliver’s Travels’. It represents a person who is repulsive in appearance and action and is barely human. Yahoo! founders Jerry Yang and David Filo selected the name because they considered themselves yahoos.

- hemmy goblog -

Wednesday, April 25, 2007

Liger - Animal Hybrid of Lion vsTiger

The liger is a hybrid cross between a male Panthera leo (lion), and a female Panthera tigris (Tiger) and is denoted scientifically as Panthera tigris × Panthera leo. A liger resembles a giant lion with diffused stripes. They are the largest cats in the world, although the Siberian Tiger is the largest pure sub-species. Like tigers, but unlike lions, ligers enjoy swimming. A similar hybrid, the offspring of a male tiger and a female lion is called a tigon.

According to The Tiger, Symbol of Freedom rare reports have been made of tigresses mating with lions in the wild. Under exceptional circumstances it has been known for a tiger to be forced into ranges inhabited by the Asiatic Lion, Panthera leo persica, which is a different species as the tiger, Panthera tigris. This may have occurred in the Gir Forest in India where the ranges of Asiatic Lions and Bengal Tigers overlap. This combination of species in the wild however is considered improbable.

Ligers grow much larger than lions and even larger than the largest tigers. On average, ligers stand at about 10-12 ft when standing on their hind legs. The largest non-obese Liger, known as Hercules, is said to weigh over 544kg (1200 lb), over twice the size of a male lion. Hercules was also featured in Maxim magazine article in 2005, when he was only 3 years old and already weighed 408 kg (900 lb) at the time. The liger is the largest animal in the cat family (feline family Felidae)

Imprinted genes may be a factor contributing to liger size.[10] These are genes that may or may not be expressed depending on the parent they are inherited from, and that occasionally play a role in issues of hybrid growth. For example, in some mice species crosses, genes that are expressed only when maternally-inherited cause the young to grow larger than is typical for either parent species. This growth is not seen in the paternal species, as such genes are normally "counteracted" by genes inherited from the female of the appropriate species.

Another possible hypothesis is that the growth dysplasia results from the interaction between lion genes and tiger womb environment. The tiger produces a hormone that sets the fetal liger on a pattern of growth that does not end throughout its life. The hormonal hypothesis is that the cause of the male liger's growth is its sterility — essentially, the male liger remains in the pre-pubertal growth phase. This is not upheld by behavioural evidence - despite being sterile, many male ligers become sexually mature and mate with females. Male ligers also have the same levels of testosterone ng/dl on average as an adult male lion. In addition, female ligers also attain great size, weighing approximately 700 lb (320 kg) and reaching 10 feet (3.05 m) long on average, but are often fertile.

While male ligers are sterile, female ligers are fertile, and they can reproduce. If a liger were to reproduce with a tiger, it would be called a ti-liger, and if it were to reproduce with a lion, it would be called a li-liger. The fertility of hybrid big cat females is well-documented across a number of different hybrids. This is in accordance with Haldane's rule: in hybrids of animals whose gender is determined by sex chromosomes, if one gender is absent, rare or sterile, it is the heterogametic sex (the one with two different sex chromosomes e.g. X and Y).

According to Wild Cats of the World (1975) by C. A. W. Guggisberg, ligers and tigons were long thought to be sterile: In 1943, however, a fifteen year old hybrid between a lion and an 'Island' tiger was successfully mated with a lion at the Munich Hellabrunn Zoo. The female cub, even though very delicate, was raised to adulthood.

Ligers have a tiger-like striping pattern on a lion-like tawny background. In addition they may inherit rosettes from the lion parent (lion cubs are rosetted and some adults retain faint markings). These markings may be black, dark brown or sandy. The background color may be correspondingly tawny, sandy or golden. In common with tigers, their underparts are pale. The actual pattern and color depends on which subspecies the parents were and on the way in which the genes interact in the offspring.

TigonWhite tigers have been crossed with lions to produce "white" (actually pale golden) ligers. In theory white tigers could be crossed with white lions to produce white, very pale or even stripeless ligers. A black liger would require both a melanistic tiger and a melanistic lion as parents. Very few melanistic tigers have ever been recorded, most being due to excessive markings (pseudo-melanism or abundism) rather than true melanism. No reports of black lions have ever been substantiated. A hypothetical procedure to breed black ligers is explained here. The blue or Maltese Tiger is now unlikely to exist, making grey or blue ligers an impossibility. It is not impossible for a liger to be white, but it is very rare.

- wikipedia goblog -

Monday, April 23, 2007

Animal Facts

This is some animal facts you should know, please add if you have one. Thanks.

- Penguins can jump 6 feet in the air.
- A group of Kangaroos is called a mob.
- A young Kangaroo is called a Joey.
- Emus and kangaroos cannot walk backwards.
- Beavers can hold their breathe for 45 minutes under water.

- The smallest bird in the world is the Humming Bird. It weighs less than 1 oz (or 1g).
- A bear can run at speeds of up to 30 miles per hour (48 km/h).
- Elephants are the only animal that can't jump.
- Polar bears are left handed.
- A crocodile cannot stick its tongue out.

- A cat has 32 muscles in each ear.
- Tigers have striped skin not just striped fur.
- Reindeer eat moss because it contains a chemical that stops their body from freezing.
- The coyote's scientific name (Canis Latrans) means 'barking dog'.
- Snakes can see through their eyelids.

- A Woodpecker can peck 20 times per second.
- Woodpeckers don't get headaches from all that pecking. Their skulls have air pockets to - cushion the brain.
- The praying mantis is the only insect that can turn its head 360 degrees.
- Butterflies tast sensors are in their feet. They taste their food by standing on it.

- Katydids have ears in their front legs.
- The strongest animal in the world is the rhinoceros beetle. It can lift 850 times its own weight.
- Flamingos are pink because shrimp is one of their main sources of food.
- The flying frog uses flaps of skin between its toes to glide.
- The slowest mammal on earth is the tree sloth. It only moves at a speed of 6 feet (1.83 meters) per minute.

- The Chameleon's tongue is as long as its body.
- The Chameleon can focus its eyes seperately to watch two objects at once.
- The Kangaroo's ancestors lived in trees. Today there are eight different kinds of tree kangaroos.
- Flamingos eat with their heads upside down to strain the water out of their food.
- Many snakes never stop growing. That's one reason they must shed their skin.

- The Artic Tern flies from the North Pole to the South Pole and then back again to spend summer in each place.
- The black bulldog ant from Australia is the most dangerous ant in the world. It stings and bites at the same time and has killed humans.
- A hippopotamus can stay under water for up to 30 minutes.
- The Basenji is the only dog which does not bark.
- Armadillos, opossums and sloths spend up to 80 percent of their lives sleeping.

- An Ostriches eye is bigger than it's brain.
- The eye of a giant squid is the biggest in the whole animal kingdom.
- A giraffes legs are as big as a dinner plate There is one breed of Bunny that can climb up a tree.

- hemmy goblog -

Thursday, April 19, 2007

Varotsos Alexopoulo Nomicos (VAN) Method - Earthquake Prediction From Seismic Electrical Signals

Earthquake prediction has been in practice in Greece for more than a decade by the so called VAN method. The method is based on detection of characteristic changes in the geoelectric potential, the so-called Seismic Electric Signals (SES) that appear prior to earthquakes. SES are distinguished from noise through a set of criteria based on simple physical principles. It has been found that SES are observed only at particular locations (sensitive sites) and that a sensitive site is selectively sensitive to SES from particular seismic source area's), making epicentral prediction possible to within about l00 km. Magnitude of an impending earthquake is predicted, to within 0.7 units, from its relationship, also empirically discovered, with epicentral distance and intensity of SES.

Test Mechanism of VAN MethodThe VAN method, named after the initials of Professors P. Varotsos, K. Alexopoulos and K. Nomicos, stands out as a notable exception in that it has been actually making short-term predictions before, not after, earthquakes. Soon after the disastrous earthquake in Athens area in 1981, the VAN group started monitoring geoelectric potential changes, because solid state physicists Varotsos and Alexopoulos anticipated theoretically that some electric current would be generated in the earthquake source region just prior to earthquake. Nomicos developed the necessary data acquisition system. The VAN group now claims that earthquakes in Greece with Ms(ATH) (magnitude announced by the Seismological Institute of the National Observatory of Athens, SI-NOA) greater than 5 can be predicted within the error of 100 km in epicentral location and 0.7 unit in magnitude. The time of earthquake occurrence is claimed to be from several hours to II days after detecting the signals, but it can be several weeks for repeated and prolonged signals.

The VAN method is unique in that it has been successfully predicting earthquakes for more than a decade. Naturally, the VAN method has been highly controversial. Some of the criticism and confusion, however, seems to be rooted on misunderstanding. It is the intent of this paper to provide a general introduction to the VAN method and to try to help removing misunderstanding.

Thanks to seismology, we now know that earthquakes are caused by sudden fault displacements, which in turn are due to stress accumulated at plate boundaries and in plate interiors by plate motions. However, their prediction is still very difficult. For earthquake prediction, one has to specify three elements, i.e., when, where and how large the impending earthquake will be, with precision useful for human society. With regard to "when", it is customary to classify prediction into three categories, namely the long-term (more than tens of years), intermediate-term (one to lens of years) and short-term (less than one year) prediction.

Former two classes of predictions, mainly based on the past history of fault movement and seismicity, can be useful for long-term planning for mitigation of earthquake hazard. On the other hand, short-term prediction is based on precursory phenomena immediately before earthquakes. A wide variety of phenomena, including seismological, geodetic, geochemical, hydrological, electro-magnetic or even meteorological and biological phenomena, has been postulated to be potential precursors. Except for a few cases like Haisheng prediction, however, there has practically been no success but frequent failures. Although some success may be hoped in the future, owing to the development of new technologies and data handling techniques, such as GPS, satellite interferometry, water table monitoring, so far, at best, most of the reported precursory phenomena have been noticed only after earthquakes. They are called post-predictions.

- wikipedia goblog -

World's Superphone - Goldvish 'Le Million' Piece Unique

Designer Emmanuel Gueit's creation is unusually functional as far as super-expensive phones go. Such devices tend to exist solely to look pretty at parties that people like me don't get invited to. For a staggering $1.3 million, however, there'd be no excuse to offer anything less. But with a VVS-1 grade diamond to match every bit per second in its Bluetooth data rate, it's hardly an office mainstay.

A limited edition of 100 pieces will be distributed worldwide. The PLATO collection is only available on special request. GoldVish makes cell phones of unparalleled luxury backed by the highest levels of Swiss craftsmanship and precision.

Wow, just for a cellphone you spent all your bank cash, or maybe you couldn't afford to buy the keypad. its amazingly exclusive phone ever.

The GoldVish collection is in jewelry and communications design. Each GoldVish cell phone is equipped with the latest in mobile technology (quad-band for effortless worldwide reception, a camera and MP3 player, along with other features) and is hand-made in Switzerland, the home of ''haute horlogerie''.

The GoldVish cell phone, the most exclusive and expensive ever created, was designed by Emmanuel Gueit creative director of GoldVish. Gueit is well known in the watch and jewelry industry and designed the Audemars Piquet Royal Oak Off shore and the Z1 & Z2 of Harry Winston, a guarantee of true perfection, style and glamour.

Aiming for an exclusive design and unmatched excellence, GoldVish has used only top quality materials in the cell phone's design, including 18-karat solid gold, available in rose, yellow or white gold, and diamonds, all of D-E color and none less than VVS-1 clarity grade, as certified in the accompanying diamond grading reports.

- goldvish goblog -

World's Supercar - Maybach Exelero

The Maybach Exelero is a high-performance super car designed and built by luxury car manufacturer Maybach, and presented in May 2005. The 700 hp (SAE) (515 kW) two-seater with a twin-turbo V12 engine is a one-off design commissioned by Fulda Tyres. Fulda is using this car as a reference vehicle to test a new generation of wide tires. The German luxury car manufacturer created the one-off model as a modern interpretation of its legendary streamlined car of the 1930s. There are various allusions to the historical predecessor, which was likewise based on a powerful Maybach automobile, in this case the Maybach SW 38, and was also used by Fulda for tire testing. Jay-Z can be seen driving the car in his video for "Lost One".

Type: : V12, Twin-turbo
Displacement cu in (cc) : 360 (5908)
Power bhp (kW) at RPM : 700(515) / 5000
Torque lb-ft (Nm) at RPM : 753(1020) / 2500
Redline at RPM : n.a.
Brakes & Tires
Brakes F/R : ABS, vented disc/vented disc
Tires F-R : 315/25 ZR23
Driveline : n.a.
Exterior Dimensions & Weight
Length × Width × Height in : 229.7 × 83.5 × 54.2
Weight lb (kg) : 5863 (2660)
Acceleration 0-62 mph s : 4.4
Top Speed mph (km/h) : 218 (351)
Fuel Economy EPA city/highway mpg (l/100 km) : n.a.

The Maybach high-performance show car "Exelero" was unveiled to the world for the first time this afternoon in the Tempodrom in Berlin. The 700-hp two-seater with a V-12 biturbo engine is a unique custom model produced for Fulda Reifenwerke, which is using the Maybach Exelero as a reference vehicle for a newly developed generation of wide tyres. The German manufacturer of luxury cars built the unique model as a modern interpretation of its legendary streamlined sports car from the 1930s, thereby forging a link with the historical predecessor, which at that time was likewise based on a powerful Maybach automobile (SW 38) and used by Fulda for tyre tests.
The Exelero embodies the highest expression to date of the Maybach individualisation strategy of offering specific custom solutions on request. In initial tests on the high-speed track in Nardo (Italy), the unique vehicle reached a top speed of 351.45 km/h (FIA*-standard unit of measurement). Developers at Maybach designed the custom model with the participation of students from Pforzheim College. The Exelero was built by the prototype specialists at Stola in Turin (Italy). There are no plans to produce the model in series.

Exelero - the legend lives

Just imagine an automobile that combines the elegance and first-class quality of a high-end limousine with the powerful suppleness of a sports coupe. Create a vehicle in your mind’s eye which, with an unladen weight of over 2.66 tons and the dimensions of a small transporter, achieves a maximum speed of over 350 km/h.

Conceive an ultra-high performance tire which not only copes with the aforementioned weight, the dimensions and the speed, but also makes the automobile safe, stable and
comfortable. Such a vehicle and such tires do not exist? Now they do.

The construction and test phase concluded with a outstanding success

Transforming a limousine, the basis for the Exelero is the Maybach 57, into a coupe is extremely demanding. Jurgen Weissinger and his team were astonished to find that, although the dimensions of the former SW 38 differed in the length (the Maybach 57 has a 290 millimeters longer wheelbase), in terms of breadth and height they were very similar. That simplified a whole series of structural measures.

When considering the engine alternatives, it soon became clear that the basic twelve-cylinder engine used in the Maybach limousines would not achieve the desired maximum speed of around 350 km/h despite the Biturbo turbo charger. Here, the Mercedes Car Group leapt into the breach. The engine specialists in Unterturkheim, the place where all basic engines are developed, provided energetic support for the project.

After several optimization of the Maybach type 12 engine, the cubic capacity was increased from 5.6 to 5.9 liters and the turbo charge optimized. The result was convincing: on the test bed almost 700 hp and at least 1,000 newton meters of torque were recorded, sufficient to achieve the targeted maximum speed of 350 km/h.

Before, during and after the aforementioned work, the individual evolutionary steps were supported by corresponding tests. Either on engine test beds in the plants or on test tracks like the high-speed oval in Nardo/Southern Italy or the test track in Cloppenburg.

The final test measurements at the end of April/beginning of May 2005, once again on the high speed Motodrom Nardo, then produced the well-earned success of lost of hard work: a top speed of 351,45 km/h - a world record for limousines – on standard tires.

And yet another world record: between the Fulda idea, the outstanding cooperation of all concerned and the delivery of the Maybach Exelero sports coupe, just 25 months passed.

"Maybach Exelero is one-off model with 8.000.000$ price. This supercar is fast as supercars such a Lamborghini, Ferrari or Mclaren F1 and is the most expensive car in the world."

Watch Video from PhotoBucket here:

- exelerocar goblog -

SCUBA Diving - Dive Underwater World

Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment. By carrying a source of compressed air with him, the scuba diver is able to stay underwater longer than he can with the simple breath-holding techniques used in Snorkeling and Free-diving, and is not hindered by air-lines to a remote air source. The scuba diver typically swims underwater using fins attached to the feet. However, some divers also move around with the assistance of a DPV (Diver Propulsion Vehicle), commonly referred to as a "scooter", or by using surface-tethered devices called sleds, which are pulled by a boat.

The term SCUBA arose during World War II and originally referred to USA combat frogmen's oxygen rebreathers, developed by Dr. Christian Lambertsen for underwater warfare. Today, SCUBA typically usually refers to the in-line open-circuit equipment, developed by Emile Gagnan and Jacques-Yves Cousteau, in which compressed gas (usually air) is inhaled from a tank and then exhaled into the water. However, rebreathers (both semi-closed circuit and closed circuit) are also self-contained systems (as opposed to surface-supplied systems) and are therefore classified as SCUBA.

Although the word 'SCUBA' is an acronym for "Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus", it has also become acceptable to refer to SCUBA as 'scuba equipment' or 'scuba apparatus'.

Breathing underwater
Water normally contains dissolved oxygen from which fish and other aquatic animals extract all their required oxygen as the water flows past their gills. Humans lack gills and do not otherwise have the capacity to breathe underwater unaided by external devices.

Early diving experimenters quickly discovered it is not enough to simply supply air in order to breathe comfortably underwater. As one descends, in addition to the normal atmospheric pressure, water exerts increasing pressure on the chest and lungs — approximately 1 bar or 14.7 psi for every 33 feet or 10 meters of depth — so the pressure of the inhaled breath must exactly counter the surrounding or ambient pressure in order to safely and efficiently inflate the lungs.

By always providing the breathing gas at ambient pressure, modern demand valve regulators ensure the diver can inhale and exhale naturally and virtually effortlessly, regardless of depth.

As the diver's nose and eyes are inside a diving mask, the diver cannot breathe in through his nose, except when wearing a full face diving mask. However, inhaling from a regulator's mouthpiece becomes second nature very quickly.

The most commonly used scuba set today is the open circuit 2-stage diving regulator, coupled to a single pressurized gas cylinder. This 2-stage arrangement differs from Emile Gagnan's and Jacques Cousteau's original 1942 design, known as the Aqua-lung, in which the cylinder's pressure was reduced to ambient pressure in a single stage. The 2-stage system has significant advantages over the original single-stage design.

In the 2-stage design, the first stage regulator reduces the cylinder pressure of about 200 bar (3000 psi) to an intermediate level of about 10 bar (145 psi). The second stage demand valve regulator, connected via a low pressure hose to the first stage, delivers the breathing gas at the correct ambient pressure to the diver's mouth and lungs. The diver's exhaled gases are exhausted directly to the environment as waste. The first stage typically has at least one "high pressure" outlet, which delivers breathing gas at unreduced tank pressure. This is connected to the diver's pressure gauge or computer, in order to show how much breathing gas remains.

Less common (but becoming increasingly so) are the closed and/or semi-closed rebreathers. Open-circuit sets vent off all exhaled gases, but rebreathers reprocess each exhaled breath for re-use by removing the carbon dioxide buildup and replacing the oxygen used by the diver. Rebreathers release few or no gas bubbles into the water, and use much less oxygen per hour because exhaled oxygen is recovered; this has advantages for research, military, photography, and other applications see frogman. Modern rebreathers (rather than old-type plain oxygen rebreathers) are more complex and more expensive than sport open-circuit scuba, and need special training and maintenance to safely use. See rebreather.

For some diving, gas mixtures other than normal atmospheric air (21% oxygen, 78% nitrogen, 1% other) can be used, so long as the diver is properly trained in their use. The most commonly used mixture is Enriched Air Nitrox, which is air with extra oxygen, often with 32% or 36% oxygen, and thus less nitrogen, reducing the effect of decompression sickness and nitrogen narcosis.

Several other common gas mixtures are in use, and all need specialized training. Oxygen with helium and a reduced percentage of nitrogen is known as trimix, for example.

In cases of technical dives more than one cylinder may be carried, each containing a different gas mixture for a distinct phase of the dive, typically designated as Travel, Bottom, and Decompression. These different gas mixtures may be used to extend bottom time, reduce inert gas narcotic effects, and reduce decompression times.

Controlling buoyancy underwater
To dive safely, divers need to be able to control their rate of descent and ascent in the water. Ignoring other forces such as water currents and swimming, the diver's overall buoyancy determines whether he ascends or descends. Equipment such as the diving weighting systems, diving suits (Wet, Dry & Semi-dry suits are used depending on the water temperature) and buoyancy compensators can be used to adjust the overall buoyancy. When divers want to remain at constant depth, they try to achieve neutral buoyancy. This minimizes gas consumption caused by swimming to maintain depth.

The downward force on the diver is the weight of the diver and his equipment minus the weight of the same volume of the liquid that he is immersed in; if the result is negative, that force is upwards. Diving weighting systems can be used to reduce the diver's weight and cause an ascent in an emergency. Diving suits, mostly being made of compressible materials, shrink as the diver descends, and expand as the diver ascends, creating unwanted buoyancy changes. The diver can inject air into some diving suits to counteract this effect and squeeze. Buoyancy compensators allow easy and fine adjustments in the diver's overall volume and therefore buoyancy. For open circuit divers, changes in the diver's lung volume can be used to adjust buoyancy.

Reasons for scuba diving
There are a variety of reasons why people go scuba diving. Below is a list why increasing numbers of people are getting engrossed in this sport:

* It allows interested individuals to be close to various marine life: The large scale of underwater wildlife as well as the coral reefs leave an amusing and wonderful experience, not mentioning the thousands of fishes and marine creatures in varying kinds, colors, and shapes swimming around.
* Each dive has something unusual to offer: Besides the fact that there are a lot of diving variations, it is great to know that every dive is a different underwater experience. The variety of marine life is so interesting that such an amazing adventure is sometimes unanticipated.
* It is an enormous approach of discovery: It's truly a different world down there. Aside from the marine creatures which come in stunning colors and amazing features, there could still be many things to see and discover underwater.
* It is very educational: This is not just going underwater and exploring the marine world. This is a sport where the diver experiences fun while learning a lot of information regarding underwater wildlife at the same time. The first part itself before going underwater is already informative; this is where the preparation and getting oneself equipped through proper training. In general, there is long list of things that should be learned when going scuba diving.
* It allows people to execute definite tasks and services: People who are into professional diving are paid for a particular purpose such as underwater researches, engineering and scientific surveys and inspections, searches and recovery operations, and underwater photography and cinematography.
* It is a relaxing outdoor activity: It is said that looking at an aquarium is a nice way to have some peace of mind after a tiring day of work. Scuba diving is much different and better in reality. It shows a wonderful and soothing environment.
* It makes naval researches and studies truly feasible: This type of sport has an enormous part in making most marine researches and investigations. It is indeed a great help to the fields of science such as marine biology and among others.

- wikipedia goblog -

Coffee (etymology & history)

Coffee is a widely consumed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds—commonly referred to as beans—of the coffee plant. Though usually served hot it can also be served cold. A typical 7 fluid ounce (ca. 207 mL) cup of coffee contains 80–140 milligrams of caffeine, depending on the bean and method of roasting and preparation. Some people drink coffee "black" (plain), others sweeten their coffee or add milk, cream or non-dairy creamer. Coffee represents 71% of all the caffeine consumption in the United States, followed by soft drinks and tea. Coffee, along with tea and water, is one of the most popular beverages world-wide, its volume amounting to about a third of that of tap water in North America and Europe. In 2003, coffee was the world's sixth largest agricultural export in terms of value, behind wheat, maize, soybeans, palm oil and sugar.

The English word "coffee" is believed to be derived ultimately from the Arabic word qahhwa; it is called būnn or būnnā in Ethiopia in Amharic and būnnī in Tigrinya, and other variations on the original būnn in other languages. Coffee's Arabic name, qahwa is a truncation of qahwat al-būnn or wine of the bean. Traditional Islam prohibited the use of alcohol as a beverage, and coffee proved to be a suitable alternative.

The Arabic qahhwa was borrowed by Ottoman Turkish as kahve, which in turn was borrowed into Italian as caffè and French as café. Early forms date to as early as the last decade of the 16th century, but the word "coffee" itself did not come into use until the early to mid 1600s.

The history of coffee can be traced to at least as early as the 9th century, when it appeared in the highlands of Ethiopia and maghreb el Arabiy (which today consists of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia). Whence it spread to Egypt and Yemen, and by the fifteenth century had reached Persia, Egypt, Turkey, and northern Africa.

From the Muslim world, coffee spread to Europe, and became popular there during the seventeenth century. The Dutch were the first to start large-scale importation of coffee into Europe, and eventually smuggled out some seedlings in 1690, as the Arabs were not allowed to export the plants or unroasted seeds. This led to coffee growing in Java, which was then a Dutch possession. In 1538, Leonhard Rauwolf, a German physician, having returned from a ten-year trip to the Near East, gave this description of coffee:
"A beverage as black as ink, useful against numerous illnesses, particularly those of the stomach. Its consumers take it in the morning, quite frankly, in a porcelain cup that is passed around and from which each one drinks a cupful. It is composed of water and the fruit from a bush called bunnu."

When coffee reached the American colonies, it was initially not as successful as it had been in Europe, as colonists found it a poor substitute for alcohol. However, during the Revolutionary War, the demand for coffee increased to such an extent that dealers had to hoard their scarce supplies of it and raise prices dramatically; part of this is due to the reduced availability of tea from British merchants. Americans' taste for coffee grew during the early nineteenth century, following the War of 1812, which had temporarily cut off access to tea imports, and high demand during the American Civil War as well as many advancements in brewing technology cemented the position of coffee as an everyday commodity in the United States. Today coffee is a staple of the North American breakfast and morning commute.

- wikipedia goblog -

Welcome to encyblogopedia!

Hallo there, how do you do? welcome to ency-blog-o-pedia.

Let me introduce myself. My name is Mr. Goblog which is in Javanese language it means Mr. Stupid, but I'm not so stupid anyway- completely idiot actually, hahaha - LOL.

OK, don't take a serious attention on who am i, but now let see what you could easily get in this blog.

I warn you, this is not a serious blog, its just a spare-time-blog, a lot of spare time. I don't know what to write or post, but i guarantee this blog wont make you STUPID or IDIOT like me.

its just some kind of an amateur encyclopedia... hehehe.

it begins with my obsession to make a blog that contain popular article (popular for me, of course) that wont make you stupid, like i do. oh well, i just try to do my best.

enjoy my post then,
mail me at

without wax,